About Kerala


Kerala ([‘keːɹəˌɭɐ] ; Malayalam: കേരളം?; Kēraḷaṁ) is a state on the tropical Malabar Coast of southwestern India. Kerala borders Tamil Nadu nto its East and Karnataka to its north; to its west and south lie the Indian Ocean islands of Lakshadweep and the Maldives, respectively.  Kerala is one of four states that compose the linguistic-cultural region known as South India. The principal spoken language is Malayalam, but other languages are also spoken. Kerala ranks 21st by area (about the size of the Netherlands) and 12th by population nationwide.

History
First settled in the 10th century BC by speakers of Proto-South Dravidian, Kerala was influenced by the Mauryan Empire. Later, the Cheran Kingdom and feudal Nair and Namboothiri Brahminical city-states became major powers in the region. Early contact with overseas lands culminated in struggles between colonial and native powers. The States Reorganisation Act of 1st November 1956 elevated Kerala to statehood in the Indian Republic.

Social reforms enacted in the late 19th century by Cochin and Travancore were expanded upon by post-independence Indian governments, making Kerala among the Third World’s longest-lived, healthiest, most gender-equitable, and most literate regions. Though the state’s basic human development indices are roughly equivalent to those in the developed world, the state is substantially more environmentally sustainable. Nevertheless, Kerala’s suicide, alcoholism, and unemployment rates rank among India’s highest. A survey conducted in 2005 by Transparency International ranked Kerala as the least corrupt state in India.

The widely disputed etymology of Kerala is a matter of conjecture. In the prevailing theory, Kerala is an imperfect Malayalam portmanteau that fuses kera (“coconut palm tree”) and alam (“land” or “location”). Another theory is that the name originated from the phrase chera alam (“Land of the Chera”).Natives of Kerala, known as Keralites or Malayalees, thus refer to their land as Keralam. Malayalees around the world call themselves lovingly as Mallus

“Can I tell you of the dark eyes and the beauty of children who touched me, of moustached men, of women who wear their strength inwardly? Can I tell you about watching the Kathakali dancers, who make up on stage, and totally entrance me, as I watch spellbound at the stories they portray? Can I tell you of hearing Chris De Burgh blasting from a corner record store in the same moment? A dichotomy in a frozen moment. Can I tell you of a beach that lay close by, which takes Godzone to a new dimension? Can I tell you of the fisherman, in balsa boats, who row us in the twilight hours, voices singing strange words, that I can interpret only through their sheer honesty. Can I tell you of the fruits from the sea they catch, and serve proudly to me in delicate sauces with spices, that tantalize each taste bud? Can I tell you about the kites I buy, that now flutter tonight in my moonlight, but still catch in their tiny mirrors, the spirit and essence of what Kerala is to me? “ (Adapted)

Then Read on My Travelogues of Kerala……………………………………..